::Departments : PARA CLINICAL SCIENCES : MICROBIOLOGY

FACULTY OF MICROBIOLOGY & IMMUNOLOGY

Louis Pastuer was a French chemist andmicrobiologist born in Dole. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughsin the cause and prevention of diseases. His discoveries reduced mortality frompuerperal fever, and he created the first vaccine for rabies and anthrax. Hisexperiments supported the germ theory of disease. He is best known to thegeneral public for inventing a method to stop milk and wine from causing sickness,a process that came to be called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of thethree main founders of microbiology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and RobertKoch.


Dr.N.PALANIAPPANMD
Head & Professor of Microbiology

Message from the Chair: Established in 1967 under the broad umbrella of Pathology & Bacteriology,this department evolved into an independent Department of Microbiology underthe leadership of Dr.Ramajeyam. The department presently serves a nodal pointfor microbiology diagnosis, research and teaching for the southern districts ofthe State of Tamilnadu. This department has grown in tandem with the medicalneeds of our patients and the society around. A Voluntary Counseling &Testing Centre for HIV was established in 1999, which was later elevated to aRegional Reference Laboratory under NACO in 2000 and a Integrated Counseling& Testing Centre in 2002. Molecular Diagnostics Lab was established in2010.

Succession of Heads of Department

Dr.Ramajeyam  MD DCP

1977

1984

Dr.Ganapathy Sundaram MD 

1984

1996

Dr.Vasantha Babu MD 

1996

2001

Dr.V.Gomathy MD 

2001

2003

Dr.Indra Priyadharshini MD 

2003

2008

Dr.N.Palaniappan MD

2008

-

 

DIAGNOSTIC PROGRAMS

Samples are received at the Common Collection Centre of the Central DiagnosticLaboratory for OPD patients. Samples are collected at the bedside for patientsindoor.

BACTERIOLOGY PROGRAM:
Samples of Blood, Urine, Stool, Body fluids, Peritoneal Fluid, Pleural Fluid,Cerebrospinal Fluid, Sputum, Gastric Lavage, Bronchiolo-Alveolar Lavage, Pus,Discharge from Drain Tubes, Tracheostomy Site, Wound Swabs, Indwelling Cathetertips, Vascular grafts, Seminal fluid, Throat swabs, Rectal swabs, Vaginalswabs, Ear swabs, Nasal swabs, Swabs from Organ Transplant Patients, BloodBags, Postmortem Specimens, Theatre Floor & Station Swabs. The Programincludes labs that test for Bacteria: with all simple & compounded stains -Gram stain, Acid Fast stains for TB & Lepra, Modified acid fast stain,Fontanas stain (Leptospira), Wet Mounts: for Stool Samples for ova andcyst, Hanging Drop method for motility study in Vibrio Cholerae, Dark GroundMicroscopy For Leptospira, Culture: Aerobic and Anaerobic cultures with AntibioticSusceptibility Tests: Antibiotic sensitivity tests are done for all thebacteriology positive isolates.

SEROLOGY & VIROLOGY PROGRAM:ASO Titres, Widal Serology for Typhoid, Brucella, RA Factor, Chickungunya,Swine Flu, Bird Flu, Dengue, HIV, HBV, HCV, HEV, & HAV.
MYCOLOGY:Fungus Studies with Lacto-phenol-cotton Blue Stain, India-Ink , Nigrosin stain,Potassium hydroxide mount, sliver stains & Fungus Cultures.
PARASITOLOGY:LPCB mount for stool ova and cyst. & Microscopy with Special stains.

OUT REACH PROGRAMS:

  • Infection Control in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital.
  • Development of Antibiotic Policy for Tirunelveli Medical
  • College Hospital.
  • In-house monitoring of the safety of water in the TVMC & TVMCH campus.
  • Monitoring of Operation Theatres in TVMC, and other Government and Corporate Medical Institutes in Tirunelveli District.
  • Monitoring of Biomedical Waste Management and Training of Stakeholders
  • Maintenance of Mother cultures for research and diagnostic activities.

DEPARTMENT STATS

Year

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

BACTERIOLOGY

38496

44130

49639

49924

49552

MYCOLOGY

293

204

288

292

402

VIROLOGY & SEROLOGY

15334

17286

18432

18849

18858

PARASITOLOGY

157

120

172

132

185


GRADUATE ACADEMIC PROGRAMS

Thedepartment trains graduate medical students during the 3rd to 5th semesters.The curriculum, affiliated to the Tamilnadu Dr.M.G.R.Medical Universityintegrates theoretical and practical training to the 150 students every year.The students are also encouraged to undertake Short term projects under ICMRduring the course period. The course includes a planned yearly calendar ofdidactic lectures, seminars, symposia, integrated sessions and clinicalinteraction sessions. The department also encourages the students to undertakecommunity studies in microbiology.

RESIDENCY TRAINING PROGRAM

Thedepartment has 15 residency posts with 5 fresh intakes a year. The residentsare taken through a program as per the Tamilnadu Dr.M.G.R.Medical Universityregulations and integrate theoretical, clinical and practical training spreadover three years. The students are also encouraged to undertake Short termresearch projects and make a detailed research thesis to be completed andpresented before the end of the three years. The course includes a plannedyearly calendar of three monthly residency posts with didactic lectures,seminars, symposia, integrated sessions, clinical interaction sessions, journalclubs and case discussions. The department also encourages the students toundertake community studies in microbiology.

Eligibility: M.B.B.S. Degree from any Indian university recognized bythe Medical Council of India & and obtained permanent registration from anyof the State Medical Councils.
Course duration: 3 years.
Selection procedure: Selection for two/three of the five seats ofresidents will through the Tamilnadu Post Graduate Entrance Examination and theremaining three/two seats through the All India Post Graduate EntranceExamination conducted by DGHS, New-Delhi.
Academic Curriculum: The objective of the program is to: (1) Establishgood clinical microbiological services in a hospital and in the community inthe fields of bacteriology, virology, parasitology, immunology and mycology.(2) Plan, execute and evaluate teaching assignments in Medical Microbiology.(3)Plan, execute, analyze and present the research work in MedicalMicrobiology.(4) Conduct such clinical and experimental research, as would havea significant bearing on human health and patient care.(5) Encourageinteraction with the allied departments by rendering services in advancedlaboratory investigations and relevant expert opinion.(6) Encourage the studentto participate is various workshops / seminars / journal clubs / demonstrationin the allied departments, to acquire various skills for collaborativeresearch.(7) Uphold the prestige of the discipline amongst the fraternity ofdoctors.(8) Undergo specialization in any of the sub-specialties

RESEARCH PROGRAMS

  • Prevalence of MRSA in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital
  • Prevalence of Non Fermenters in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital
  • Early Diagnostic Markers for Neonatal Sepsis in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital
  • Study of Wrist Watches as potential sources of Hospital Acquired Infections
  • Prevalence of Cyclospora Cayetensis in HIV positive patients and correlation with CD 4 counts
  • Incidence of Acienatobacter Species in Neonatal Septicemia - An emerging pathogen
  • Microbiological Surveillance of Operating  Rooms in Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital
  • Efficacy of Hepatitis B Vaccination in Health Care Workers
  • Phenotypic Differentiation of BORSA from MRSA-Comparison between susceptibility testing methods and MRSA latex agglutination test
  • Study of Microbiological contamination of Ultrasound Probes and evaluation of the cleaning methods and their efficacies
  • Bacteriological Profile and antibiogram of COPD patients-A prospective study
  • Study of the use of AOA as a rapid diagnostic tool for assessment of tuberculous pleural effusion
  • Seroprevalence of HCV in hemodialysis patient at Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital
  • Inducible clindamycin resistance in MRSA and MSSA strains
  • Baseline Widal Titre among health volunteers
  • Prevalence of candidiasis and speciation of candida in diabetic patients at Tirunelveli Medical College Hospital
  • Persistence of Ig M antibodies in clinical Chikungunya patients.
  • Prevalence of Streptococcal throat carriers in school children in Tirunelveli district
  • Comparison of Rapid ICT with ELISA in diagnosis of HCV in Hemodialysis patients.

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